History & Evolution of Department:

The department of zoology started functioning in the year 1952 with intermediate course. The department started with only Ass. Lecturer post (G.O.Ms no:1372 Ed  Dt 27-06-1952). The intermediate course was replaced by PUC in 1957-58. In the year 1958-59 Degree classes were started. Functioning later in 1960 one Ass. Lecturer post and one Demonstrator posts were sanctioned to strengthen the department for the first time in 1964 a gazatted lecturer post was sanctioned. In 1967 one more demonstrator post was sanctioned in 1969-70 PUS course was replaced by two year intermediate course. In 1969 the zoology block was constructed and the department was shifted to the new block. In 1974 one JL post was sanctioned. In 1996 the intermediate course was bifurcated and thereafter the department is having four teaching staff.

The degree courses in the department started with Sri Nityanandham as head of the department fallowed by sri. Vanamala naidu, Bhaskra Reddy, B.B.R.Krishna Murthy, K.Prabhakar rao, S.P.Vijaya kumar, Dr.B.Chinnayya, G.Mohan Rao, and D.Sivaprasad.

All the departmental heads subsequently held the post of principal with the exception of one or two who retired in the lecturer cadre. The department has two well equipped Laboratories, Museum, Staff room and a Reading room. The department carrying out instructions both in Telugu and English media with electives of Botany, Biotechnology and Chemistry.

Vision

Envisions to inculcate the highest values of life, science education, respect for nature and concern for ethical values among students through good and scientific educational practices.

Mission

To import to the students the contemporary advancements in life sciences. TO impart a global perspective and such skills among students that benefit humanity.

 

 


Objectives of Department:

To provide quality education in a branch of zoology with different specializations. To facilitate higher education and research in zoology. To provide quality education offering skill based programmes and motivates students for self employment in applied braches of zoology. To conduct field studies and different projects of local interests.

 

Succession List Of Heads of Department

Sno Name Period
1 Sri. G. Nityanadham 1958-1971
2 Sri. B.B.R.Krishna Murthy 1971-76
3 Sri. K.Vanamala Naidu 1976-1977
4 Dr. Bhaskara Reddy 1977-1980
5 Sri. B.Chinnayya 1980-1981
6 Sri. K.Prabhakar Rao 1981-1989
7 Sri. S. P.Vijaya Kumar 1989-1992
8 Sri. G.Mohan Rao 1992-1997
9 Sri. B.Chinnayya 1980-1981
10 Sri.D.Siva Prasad 1999-2002
11 Sri. G.Mohan Rao 2002-2004
12 Dr. K.Mythili 2004-2007
13 Smt. V. Laxmi 2007-2011
14 Sri. P.Krishna 2011-2012
15 Dr. Y.Poli Naidu 2012-2015
16 Sri. P.Krishna 2015-till

 

UG Courses Offered:

Conventional Courses :

  1. C.B.Z(TM) (Chemistry, Botany, Zoology)
  2. C.B.Z.(EM) (Chemistry, Botany, Zoology)

Restructured Courses :

1.BT.Z.C (Biotechnology, Zoology, Chemistry)

Students Strength(Last 3 Years)

2018- 2019

S.No Subject BOYS + GIRLS TOTAL
1 Ist Zoology 62 33 95
2 2nd Zoology 82 27 109
3 3rd Zoology 62 27 89
Total Strength 293

 

 

2017- 2018

S.No CLASS BOYS GIRLS TOTAL
1 Ist Zoology 88 27 115
2 2nd Zoology 64 20 84
3 3rd Zoology 54 20 74
Total Strength  

 

 

2016- 2017

S.No CLASS BOYS GIRLS TOTAL
1 Ist Zoology 73 35 108
2 2nd Zoology 64 2 66
3 3rd Zoology 67 25 92
Total Strength  

 

 

List of Enrollments Category wise in  first year

Year SC ST BC Others Total
2016-17 28 04 72 04 108
2017-18 33 12 72 03 120
2018-19 24 09 61 01 95

 

 

Facilities available in the department

Laboratories: the department has two labs which are fully equipped with all facilities. Each lab can accommodate 30 students at a time.

Museum: the department has a museum and specimens representing various phyla are kept in closed almyrahs (wood with glass frame fitted) in proper places. Models representing articulated bones are available for demonstration to the students.

Departmental Library: A reference section in the department is maintained in the reading room with 200 copies of various books to the subjects are available to the students are pursued to utilize the reading room with a few competitive exam material also.

EQIPEMENT IN THE DEPARTMENT :

  • Desk Tops :01
  • Printer    :01
  • LCD Projectors   :01
  • Virtual smart board  :01
  • O.H.P :01
  • HOT AIR OVEN :01
  • AUTOCLAVE :01
  • BINOCULAR RESEARCH MICROSCOPE: 06
  • COMPOUND MICROSCOPES:10
  • SIMPLE MICROSCOPE:15
  • AQUARIUM :10
  • FRIDGE :01
  • BIOVISUAL CHARTS: 120
  • ALMIRAHS (Iron)  : 08
  • ALMIRAHS (WOODEN) : 12
  • BOOK RAKS: 04

 

 

S.No Photo Name Qualification Designation Email-id Profile
1 H.O.D

Sri.P.Krishna., 

M.Sc.,M.Phil.,B.Ed Lecturer in Zoology

 

Krishnapalla2006@gmail.com Pr
ofile
2 Dr.Y.Poli Naidu

Lecturer in Zoology

M.Sc.,Ph.D.,N.E.T Lecturer in Zoology Naidu4zoology@gmail.com Profile
3 Dr.R.Ramachandra Rao M.Sc.,B.Ed.,M.Phil.,Ph.D

A.P S.E.T

Lecturer in Zoology ronankiramachandrarao@gmail.com Profile
4 Smt.V.Harathi

 

M.Sc.,B.Ed.,

A.P S.E.T

Lecturer in Zoology harathivelamala@gmail.com

 

Profile

 

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AP STATE COUNCIL OF HIGHER EDUCATION

Zoology course structureunderCBCS (w.e.f. 2015-16, Revised)

YEAr semester paper TITLE Marks credits
i I i Biology of Non-chordates 100 03
Practical – I 50 02
ii ii Biology of Chordates 100 03
Practical – II 50 02
ii iii iii Cell biology, Genetics and Evolution 100 03
Practical – III 50 02
iv iv Embryology, Physiology and Ecology 100 03
Practical – IV 50 02
iii v v Animal Biotechnology 100 03
Practical – V 50 02
vi Animal Husbandry 100 03
Practical – VI 50 02
*Any one

Paper from

A, B and C

 

** Any one

cluster

from I, II

and III

 

 

 

 

 

VI

vii (a)* Immunology 100 03
Practical – VII (A) 50 02
vii (b)* Cellular Metabolism and Molecular Biology 100 03
Practical – VII (B) 50 02
VII (C)* Bioinformatics 100 03
Practical – VII (C) 50 02
 

Cluster

viii-a**

Cluster Electives –VIII-A : Medical Diagnostics

1.      Clinical Biochemistry

2.      Haematology

3.      Clinical Microbiology

Practical – VIII: 1

Practical – VIII: 2

Project Work

 

 

100

100

100

50

50

50

 

 

03

03

03

02

02

02

 

Cluster

Viii-b**

Cluster Electives –VIII-B : Aquaculture

1. Principles of Aquaculture

2. Aquaculture Management

3. Postharvest Technology

Practical – VIII: 1

Practical – VIII: 2

Project Work

 

 

100

100

100

50

50

50

 

 

03

03

03

02

02

02

 

Cluster

VIII-c**

Cluster Electives – VIII-C : Sericulture

1. Gen. Sericulture,

Mulberry cultivation and

Management

2. Biology of Mulberry

Silkworm and Silkworm

rearing Technology

3. Silk Technology, Silk

Marketing and Extension

Practical – VIII: 1

Practical – VIII: 2

Project Work

 

 

100

 

 

100

 

100

 

 

50

50

50

 

 

03

 

 

03

 

03

 

 

02

02

02

 

AP STATE COUNCIL OF HIGHER EDUCATION

w.e.f. 2015-16 (Revised in April, 2016)

 

                                 zoology syllabus for i semester

 

ZOOLOGY – PAPER – I

 

animal diversity – Nonchordates

 

Periods:60                                                                                               Max. Marks:100

 

1.1                Brief history, Significance of Diversity of Non Chordates

1.2          Protozoa

1.2.1 General characters

1.2.2 Classification of Protozoa up to classes with examples

1.2.3 Elphidium (type study)

1.3          Porifera

1.3.1 General characters

1.3.2 Classification of Porifera up to classes with examples

1.3.3 Sycon – External Characters, Types of cells,

1.3.4 Skelton in Sponges

1.3.5 Canal system in sponges

Unit – II

2.1           Coelenterata

2.1.1 General characters

2.1.2 Classification of Coelenterata up to classes with examples

2.1.3 Obelia – External Characters, Structure of Polyp and Medusa

2.1.4 Polymorphism in coelenterates

2.1.5 Corals and coral reef formation

2.2           Platyhelminthes

2.1.1 General characters

2.1.2 Classification of Platyhelminthes upto classes with examples

2.1.3 Fasciola hepatica – External Characters, Excretory system, Reproductive System,

Life History and pathogenicity

 

Unit – III

3.1           Nemathelminthes

3.1.1 General characters

3.1.2 Classification of Nemathelminthes up to classes with examples

3.2         Annelida

3.2.1 General characters

3.2.2 Classification of Annelida up to classes with examples

3.2.3 Hirudinaria granulosa – External Characters, Digestive System, Excretory System

and Reproductive System

3.2.4  Coelomoducts

3.2.5 Vermiculture – Scope, significance, earthworm species, processing, Vermicompost, economic importance of vermicompost

 

Unit – IV

4.1          Arthropoda

4.1.1 General characters

4.1.2 Classification of Arthropoda up to classes with examples

4.1.3 Prawn – External Characters, Appendages, Respiratory system and Circulatory

System

4.1.4 Peripatus – Structure and affinities

4.2          Mollusca

4.2.1 General characters

4.2.2 Classification of Mollusca up to classes with examples

4.2.3 Pearl formation in Pelecypoda

4.2.4 Torsion in gastropods

Unit – V

5.1           Echinodermata

5.1.1 General characters

5.1.2 Classification of Echinodermata up to classes with examples

5.1.3 Water vascular system in star fish

5.2           Hemichordata

5.2.1 General characters

5.2.2 Classification of Hemichordata up to classes with examples

5.2.3 Balanoglossus – Structure and affinities

5.3            Non-Chordata larval forms

5.3.1 Amphiblastula

5.3.2 Ephyra

5.3.3 Trochophore

5.3.4 Nauplius

5.3.5 Glochidium

5.3.6 Bipinnaria

5.3.7 Tornaria

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

zoology Model paper for i semester

 

ZOOLOGY – PAPER – I

 

animal diversity  – nonchordates

 

Time : 3 hrs                                                                            Max. Marks : 75

  1. Answer any FIVE of the following : 5×5=25

   Draw labeled diagrams wherever necessary

  1. Answer any FIVE of the following: 5×10=50

   Draw labeled diagrams wherever necessary

OR

 

 

OR

 

 

OR

OR

 

 

OR

 

ddddd

 

 

 

 

 

 

zoology practical syllabus for i semester

 

ZOOLOGY – PAPER – I

animal diversity – nonchordates

 

Periods: 24                                                                                              Max. Marks: 50

Observation of the following slides / spotters / models

Protozoa                       :    Elphidium, Paramecium – Binary fission and conjugation

Porifera                        :    Spoonbill, Euspongia, Sycon, Sycon – T.S and L.S

Coelenterata                :    Obelia – colony and medusa, Physalia, Velella, Corallium, Gorgonia, Pennatula

Platyhelminthes           :    Planaria, Fasciola hepatica, Fasciola larval forms – Miracidium, Redia, Cercaria, Echinococcus granulosus

Nemathelminthes        :    Ascaris – Male and female, Ancylostoma duodenale

Annelida                      :    Neries, Heteroneries, Aphrodite, Hirudo, Trochophore larva

Arthropoda                 :    Mouth parts of male and female Anopheles and Culex, Mouth parts of housefly, Mouth parts of Scorpion, Nauplius, Mysis, Zoea larvae, crab, prawn, Scolopendra, Sacculina, Limulus, Peripatus

Mollusca                       :    Chiton, Murex, Sepia, Loligo, Octopus, Nautilus, Glochidium larva

Echinodermata            :    Ophiothrix, Echinus, Clypeaster, Cucumaria, Antedon, Asterias, Bipinnaria larva

Hemichordata              :    Balanoglossus, Tornaria larva

Demonstration of dissection / dissected / virtual dissection :

  1. Leech / Prawn / Scorpion / Crab – Digestive system
  2. Prawn – Appendages
  3. Prawn / Scorpion / Crab – Nervous system
  4. Pila / Unio – Digestive system
  5. Mounting of Statocyst
  6. Mounting of Radula

b Laboratory record work shall be submitted at the time of practical examination

b Compulsory one species to be adopted for demonstration only by the faculty

b Computer aided techniques should be adopted as per UGC guide lines

ddddd

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

zoology syllabus for ii semester

 

ZOOLOGY – PAPER – II

 

animal diversity – chordates

 

Periods:60                                                                                   Max. Marks: 100

 

Unit – I

1.1       General characters of Chordata

1.2       Prochordata

1.2.1 Salient features of Cephalochordata

1.2.2 Structure of Branchiostoma

1.2.3 Affinities of Cephalochordata

1.2.4 Salient features of Urochordata

1.2.5 Structure and life history of Herdmania

1.2.6 Significance of Retrogressive metamorphosis

Unit – II

2.1       Cyclostomata

2.1.1 General characters of Cyclostomata

2.1.2 Comparision of the Petromyzon and Myxine

2.2       Pisces

2.2.1 General characters of Fishes

2.2.2 Classification of fishes up to sub – class level with examples

2.2.3 Scoliodon – External features, Digestive system, Respiratory system,
Heart, Brain

2.2.4 Migration in Fishes

2.2.5 Types of Scales

2.2.6 Dipnoi

Unit – III

3.1       Amphibia

3.1.1 General characters of Amphibian

3.1.2 Classification of Amphibia upto orders with examples.

3.1.3 Rana hexadactyla – External features, Digestive system, Respiratory system, Heart,

Brain

3.2       Reptilia

3.2.1 General characters of Reptilia

3.2.2 Classification of Reptilia upto orders with examples

3.2.3 Calotes – External features, Digestive system, Respiratory system, Heart, Brain

3.2.4 Identification of Poisonous snakes and Skull in reptiles

 

 

Unit – IV

4.1       Aves

4.1.1 General characters of Aves

4.1.2 Classification of Aves upto subclasses with examples.

4.1.3 Columba livia – External features, Digestive system, Respiratory system,
Heart, Brain

4.1.4 Migration in Birds

4.1.5 Flight adaptation in birds

Unit – V

5.1       Mammalia

5.1.1 General characters of Mammalia

5.1.2 Classification of Mammalia upto sub – classes with examples

5.2       Comparision of Prototherians, Metatherians and Eutherians

5.3       Dentition in mammals

 

ddddd

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

zoology model paper for ii semester

 

ZOOLOGY – PAPER – II

 

animal diversity – chordates

 

Time: 3 hrs                                                                                         Max. Marks: 75

  1. Answer any FIVE of the following: 5×5=25

   Draw labeled diagrams wherever necessary

  1. Amphioxus
  2. Placoid scale
  3. Quill feather
  4. Prototheria
  5. Anadromous migration
  6. Draco
  7. Emu
  8. Apoda
  9. Answer any FIVE of the following: 5×10=50

   Draw labeled diagrams wherever necessary

  1. Explain the life history of Herdmania

OR

Explain the origin and general characters of chordates

  1. Compare the characters of Petromyzon and Myxine

OR

Describe the structure of heart of Scoliodon

  1. Describe the brain of Rana hexadactyla

OR

Explain the external features of Calotes

  1. Write an essay on flight adaptations in birds

OR

Explain the respiratory system of Columba livia

  1. Compare the characters of Metatheria and Eutheria

OR

Write an essay on dentition in mammals

 

ddddd

 

 

 

 

 

zoology practical syllabus for ii semester

 

ZOOLOGY – PAPER – II

 

animal diversity – chordates

 

Periods: 24                                                                                              Max. Marks: 50

Observation of the following slides / spotters / models

Protochordata             :    Herdmania, Amphioxus, Amphioxus T.S. through pharynx

Cyclostomata               :    Petromyzon, Myxine

Pisces                            :    Pristis, Torpedo, Channapleuronectes, Hippocampus, Exocoetus, Eheneis, Labeo, Catla, Clarius, Auguilla,Protopterus

                                            Placoid scale, Cycloid scale, Ctenoid scale

Amphibia                     :    Ichthyophis, Amblystoma, Siren,  Hyla, Rachophous

Axolotl larva

Reptilia                         :    Draco, Chemaeleon, Uromastix, Vipera russeli, Naja, Bungarus, Enhydrina, Testudo, Trionyx, Crocodilus

Aves                              :    Passer, Psittacula, Bubo, Alcedo, Columba, Corvus, Pavo, Study of different types of feathers : Quill, Contour, Filoplume down

Mammalia                    :    Ornithorthynchus, Tachyglossus, Pteropus, Funambulus, Manis, Loris, Hedgehog

Osteology                     :    Appenducular skeletons of Varanus, Pigeon

Rabbit – Skull, fore limbs, hind limbs and girdles

Demonstration of dissection / dissected / virtual dissection:

  1. V, VII, IX, X cranial nerves of shark / locally available fishes
  2. Arterial system, venous system of Shark / Calotes / Fowl / Rat
  3. Digestive system of fish

b Laboratory record work shall be submitted at the time of practical examination

b Compulsory one species to be adopted for demonstration only be the faculty

 

ddddd

 

 

 

 

 

 

zoology syllabus for iIi semester

 

ZOOLOGY – PAPER – III

 

CYTOLOGY, GENETICS AND EVOLUTION

 

Periods:60                                                                                               Max. Marks:100

Unit – I

  1. Cytology – I

1.1 Definition, history, prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, virus, viroids, mycoplasma

1.2 Electron microscopic structure of eukaryotic cell.

1.3 Plasma membrane –Different models of plasma membrane.

Unit – II

  1. Cell organelles

2.1 Structure and functions of Endoplasmic Reticulum

2.2 Structure and functions of Golgi apparatus

2.3 Structure and functions of Lysosomes

2.4 Structure and functions of Ribosomes

2.5 Structure and functions of Mitochondria

2.6 Nucleus

2.7. Chromatin – Structure and significance, Chromosomes – Structure, types, functions

Unit – III

3.1       Genetics – I

3.1.1 Mendel’s work on transmission on traits

3.1.2 Principles of inheritance

3.1.3 Incomplete dominance and codominance

3.1.4 Lethal alleles, Epistasis, Pleiotropy

Unit – IV

4.1       Genetics – II

4.1.1 Sex determination

4.1.2 Sex linked inheritance

4.1.3 Linkage and crossing over

4.1.4 Extra chromosomal inheritance

4.1.5 Human karyotyping

 

 

 

 

Unit – V

5.1       Evolution

5.1.1 Origin of life

5.1.2 Lamarckism, Darwinism, Neo – Darwinism, Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium.

5.1.3 Variations, isolating mechanisms, natural selection

5.1.4 Types of natural selection (directional, stabilizing, disruptive)

5.1.5 Artificial selection and forces of evolution

5.1.6 Speciation (Allopatric and Sympatric)

5.1.7 Macro evolutionary principles (Example: Darwin’s finches)

 

 

ddddd

 

 

 

zoology Model paper for iIi semester

 

ZOOLOGY – PAPER – III

 

CYTOLOGY, GENETICS AND EVOLUTION

 

Time: 3 hrs                                                                                         Max. Marks: 75

  1. Answer any FIVE of the following: 5×5=25

   Draw labeled diagrams wherever necessary

  1. Answer any FIVE of the following: 5×10=50

   Draw labeled diagrams wherever necessary

OR

OR

OR

OR

OR

 

ddddd

 

 

zoology practical syllabus for iIi semester

 

ZOOLOGY – PAPER – III

 

CYTOLOGY, GENETICS AND EVOLUTION

 

Periods: 24                                                                                              Max. Marks: 50

  1. Cytology
  2. Preparation of temporary slides of Mitotic divisions with onion root tips
  3. Observation of various stages of Mitosis and Meiosis with prepared slides
  4. Mounting of salivary gland chromosomes of Chiranomous
  5. Genetics
  6. Study of Mendelian inheritance using suitable examples
  7. Study of linkage recombination, gene mapping using the data
  8. Study of human karyotypes

III. Evolution

  1. Study of fossil evidences
  2. Study of homology and analogy from suitable specimens and pictures
  3. Phylogeny of horse with pictures
  4. Darwin’s finches (pictures)
  5. Visit to natural history museum and submission of report

 

ddddd

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

zoology syllabus for iV semester

 

ZOOLOGY – PAPER – IV

 

embryology, physiology and ecology

 

Periods:60                                                                                               Max. Marks: 100

Unit – I

1.1       Developmental Biology and Embryology

1.1.1 Gametogenesis

1.1.2 Fertilization

1.1.3 Types of eggs

1.1.4 Types of cleavages

1.2       Development of Frog upto formation of primary germ layers

1.3       Formation and functions of Foetal membrane in chick embryo

1.4       Development, types and functions of Placenta in mammals

Unit – II

2.1       Physiology – I

2.1.1 Elementary study of process of digestion

2.1.2 Absorption of digested food

2.1.3 Respiration – Pulmonary ventilation, transport of oxygen and carbondioxide

2.1.4 Circulation – Structure and functioning of heart, Cardiac cycle

2.1.5 Excretion – Structure of nephron, urine formation, counter current mechanism

Unit – III

3.1       Physiology – II

3.1.1 Nerve impulse transmission – Resting membrane potential, origin and
propagation of action potentials along myelinated and non-myelinated nerve
fibers

3.1.2    Muscle contraction – Ultra structure of muscle fibre, molecular and
chemical basis of muscle contraction

3.1.3 Endocrine glands – Structure, secretions and the functions (of hormones)
of pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal glands and pancreas

3.1.4 Hormonal control of reproduction in a mammal           

Unit – IV

4.1       Ecology – I

4.1.1 Meaning and scope of Ecology

4.1.2 Important abiotic factors of Ecosystem – Temperature, light, water, oxygen and CO2

4.1.3 Nutrient cycles – Nitrogen, carbon and phosphorus

4.1.4 Components of Ecosystem (Example:lake), food chains and food web,
energy flow in ecosystem

 

 

Unit – V

5.1       Ecology – II

5.1.1 Habitat and ecological niche

5.1.2 Community interactions – Mutualism, commensalism, parasitism, competition,
predation

5.1.3 Ecological succession

5.1.4 Population studies

5.2       Zoogeography

5.2.1 Zoogeographical regions

5.2.2 Study of physical and faunal peculiarities of Oriental, Australian and Ethiopian
regions

 

ddddd

 

 

 

zoology model paper for iV semester

 

ZOOLOGY – PAPER – IV

 

embryology, physiology and ecology

 

Time: 3 hrs                                                                                         Max. Marks: 75

  1. Answer any FIVE of the following: 5×5=25

   Draw labeled diagrams wherever necessary

  1. Answer any FIVE of the following: 5×10=50

   Draw labeled diagrams wherever necessary

OR

OR

OR

OR

OR

ddddd

 

 

 

 

 

 

zoology practical syllabus for iV semester

 

ZOOLOGY – PAPER – IV

 

embryology, physiology and ecology

 

Periods: 24                                                                                              Max. Marks: 50

  1. Embryology
  2. Study of T.S. of testis, ovary of a mammal
  3. Study of different stages of cleavages (2, 4, 8 cell stages)
  4. Study of chick embryos of 18 hours, 24 hours, 33 hours and 48 hours of incubation
  5. Physiology
  6. Qualitative tests for identification of carbohydrates, proteins and fats
  7. Qualitative tests for identification of ammonia, urea and uric acid
  8. Study of activity of salivary amylase under optimum conditions
  9. Study of prepared slides of T.S. of duodenum, liver, lung, kidney, spinal cord, bone
    and cartilage

III. Ecology

  1. Determination of pH of given sample
  2. Estimation of dissolved oxygen of given sample
  3. Estimation of total alkalinity of given sample
  4. Estimation of salinity of given sample

 

ddddd

 

 

 

zoology syllabus for V semester

ZOOLOGY – PAPER – V

ANIMAL BIOTECHNOLOGY

 

Periods:60                                                                                   Max. Marks:100

 

Unit 1: Tools of Recombinant DNA technology – Enzymes and Vectors

Restriction modification systems: Types I, II and III. Mode of action, nomenclature, applications of Type II restriction enzymes in genetic engineering

DNA modifying enzymes and their applications: DNA polymerases. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase, kinases and phosphatases, and DNA ligases

Cloning Vectors: Plasmid vectors:pBR and pUC series, Bacteriophage lambda and M13 based vectors, Cosmids, BACs, YACs,

 

Unit 2 Techniques of Recombinant DNA technology

Cloning: Use of linkers and adaptors

Gene delivery: Microinjection, electroporation, biolistic method (gene gun), liposome and viral-mediated delivery

PCR: Basics of PCR.

DNA Sequencing: Sanger’s method of DNA sequencing- traditional and automated sequencing

Hybridization techniques: Southern, Northern and Western blotting,

Genomic and cDNA libraries: Preparation and uses

 

UNIT 3  Animal Cell Technology

Cell culture media: Natural and Synthetic

Cell cultures: primary culture, secondary culture, continuous cell lines; Protocols for Primary Cell Culture; Established Cell lines (common examples such as MRC, HeLa, CHO, BHK, Vero); Organ culture; Cryopreservation of cultures.

Hybridoma Technology: Cell fusion, Production of Monoclonal antibodies (mAb),  Applications of mAb

Stem cells: Types of stem cells, applications

 

Unit 4 Reproductive Technologies & Transgenic Animals

Manipulation of reproduction in animals: Artificial Insemination, In vitro fertilization , super ovulation,  Embryo transfer, Embryo cloning

Transgenic Animals: Strategies of Gene transfer; Transgenic – sheep, – fish; applications

 

Unit 5 Applied Biotechnology

Industry:  Fermentation: Different types of Fermentation: Short notes on – Submerged & Solid state; batch, Fed batch & Continuous; Stirred tank, Air Lift, Fixed Bed and Fluidized; Downstream processing – Filtration, centrifugation, extraction, chromatography, spray drying and lyophilization

Agriculture: fisheries – monoculture in fishes, polyploidy in fishes; DNA fingerprinting

 

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zoology model paper for V semester

 

ZOOLOGY – PAPER – V

 

ANIMAL BIOTECHNOLOGY

 

Time: 3 hrs                                                                                              Max. Marks: 75

  1. Answer any FIVE of the following: 5×5=25

   Draw labeled diagrams wherever necessary

  1. Answer any FIVE of the following: 5×10=50

   Draw labeled diagrams wherever necessary

OR

OR

OR

OR

OR

ddddd

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

zoology practical syllabus for V semester

ZOOLOGY – PAPER – V

ANIMAL BIOTECHNOLOGY

 

Periods: 24                                                                                              Max. Marks: 50

 

Any SIX of the following:

  1. Maintenance and storage ofE.coli DH5 alpha cells.
  2. Isolation of Plasmid DNA from E.coli
  3. Preparation of genomic DNA from E. coli/animals/ human.
  4. DNA quantification using agarose gel electrophoresis (by using lambda DNA as standard).
  5. Restriction digestion of lambda (λ) DNA using EcoR1 and Hind III.
  6. Preparation for insertion and vector for ligation.
  7. Performance of ligation reaction using T4 DNA ligase.
  8. Preparation of competent cells
  9. Transformation of E. coli with plasmid DNA using CaCl2,
  10. Selection of transformants on X-gal and IPTG
  11. Techniques: Western Blot, Southern Hybridization, DNA Fingerprinting
  12. Interpretation of sequencing gel electropherograms
  13. Amplification of DNA by PCR

14.Packing and sterilization of glass and plastic wares for cell culture.

15,Preparation of culture media.

 

 

SUGGESTED READING

  1. Brown TA. (2010). Gene Cloning and DNA Analysis. 6th edition. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, U.K.
  2. Clark DP and Pazdernik NJ. (2009). Biotechnology: Applying the Genetic Revolution. Elsevier Academic Press, USA
  3. Primrose SB and Twyman RM. (2006). Principles of Gene Manipulation and Genomics, 7th edition. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, U.K.
  4. Sambrook J and Russell D. (2001). Molecular Cloning-A Laboratory Manual. 3rd edition. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
  5. Wiley JM, Sherwood LM and Woolverton CJ. (2008). Prescott, Harley and Klein’s Microbiology. McGraw Hill Higher Education
  6. Brown TA. (2007). Genomes-3. Garland Science Publishers
  7. Primrose SB and Twyman RM. (2008). Genomics: Applications in human biology. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, U.K.
  8. Animal Cells Culture and Media, D.C. Darling and S.J. Morgan, 1994.BIOS Scientific Publishers Limited.
  9. Methods in Cell Biology, Volume 57, Jennie P. Mathur and David Barnes, 1998. Animal Cell Culture Methods Academic Press.
  10. P.K. Gupta: Biotechnology and Genomics, Rastogi publishers (2003).
  11. B.D. Singh: Biotechnology, Kalyani publishers, 1998 (Reprint 2001)

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zoology syllabus for V semester

 

ZOOLOGY – PAPER – VI

 

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

 

Periods:60                                                                                   Max. Marks: 100

UNIT – I                                                                    :                                               10 Hours

General introduction to poultry farming.  Principles of poultry housing.  Poultry houses.  Systems of poultry farming.  Management of chicks, growers and layers.  Management of Broilers.

 

UNIT – II:                                                                                                                  10 Hours

Poultry feed management – Principles of feeding.  Nutrient requirements for different stages of layers and broilers.  Methods of feeding.  Poultry diseases – viral, bacterial, fungal and parasitic (two each); symptoms, control and management.

 

UNIT – III:                                                                                                                10 Hours  

Selection, care and handling of hatching eggs.  Egg testing.  Methods of hatching.  Brooding and rearing.  Sexing of chicks.

           

UNIT- IV:                                                                                                                  20 Hours        

Breeds of Dairy Cattle and Buffaloes – Definition of breed; Classification of Indian Cattle breeds, exotic breeds and Indian buffalo breeds.  Systems of inbreeding and crossbreeding.  Housing of dairy animals – Selection of site for dairy farm; systems of housing – loose, housing system.  Conventional dairy barn.  Cleaning and sanitation of dairy farm.  Weaning of calf.  Castration and dehorning.  Deworming and Vaccination programme.  Records to be maintained in a dairy farm.

 

UNIT – V:                                                                                                                  10 Hours

Care and management of dairy animals – Care and management of calf, heifer, milk animal, dry and pregnant animal, bulls and bullocks.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

zoology model paper for V semester

 

ZOOLOGY – PAPER – VI

 

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

 

Time: 3 hrs                                                                                              Max. Marks: 75

  1. Answer any FIVE of the following: 5×5=25

   Draw labeled diagrams wherever necessary

  1. Answer any FIVE of the following: 5×10=50

   Draw labeled diagrams wherever necessary

OR

OR

OR

OR

OR

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zoology PRACTICAL syllabus for V semester

ZOOLOGY –PRACTICAL  – VI

 

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

 

Periods:24                                                                                               Max. Marks: 50

  1. Study of various breeds of layers and broilers (photographs)
  2. Identification of disease causing organisms in poultry birds (as per theory)
  3. Study of the anatomy of a poultry bird by way of dissecting a bird. (Demonstration)
  4. Study of various activities in a poultry farm (layers and broilers) and submission of a report.
  5. Study of various breeds of cattle (photographs/microfilms)
  6. Study of various activities carried out in a dairy farm and submission of a report.

 

AP STATE COUNCIL OF HIGHER EDUCATION

 

ZOOLOGY SYLLABUS for VI semester

 

ZOOLOGY – ELECTIVE PAPER: VII-(B)

 

CELLULAR METABOLISM AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

 

Periods: 60                                                                Max. Marks:100

 

Unit I: Biomolecules

1.1 Carbohydrates – Classification of carbohydrates.  Structure of glucose

1.2 Proteins – Classification of proteins.  General properties of amino acids

1.3 Lipids – Classification of lipids

1.4 Nucleic acids – DNA – Structure and function; RNA – Structure, types and functions

 

Unit II: Enzymes and Cellular Metabolism

2.1. Introduction to biocatalysis, Enzymes and their classification, Enzymekinetics. Mechanism of action.Inhibition and Regulation

2.2 Carbohydrate Metabolism – Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, Gluconeogenesis,

2.3 Glycogen metabolism, Review of electron transport chain

 

Unit – III : Cellular Metabolism and Cell Physiology

3.1 Lipid Metabolism – Biosynthesis and β oxidation of palmitic acid

  • Protein metabolism – Transamination,  Deamination and Urea Cycle
  • Transport functions of plasma membrane – Active, passive and facilitated transport

3.4 Cell junctions – Tight junctions, desmosomes, gap junctions

 

Unit – V:Gene Expression

3.1 Gene Expression in prokaryotes (Lac Operon)

3.2 Gene Expression in eukaryotes.

3.3 Transcription and Translation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

zoology model PAPER FOR VI semester

 

ZOOLOGY – ELECTIVE PAPER: VII-(B)

 

CELLULAR METABOLISM AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

Time: 3 hrs                                                                         Max. Marks: 75

 

  1. Answer any FIVE of the following: 5×5=25

   Draw labeled diagrams wherever necessary

  1. Answer any FIVE of the following: 5×10=50

   Draw labeled diagrams wherever necessary

OR

OR

OR

OR

OR



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ZOOLOGY PRACTICAL syllabus for VI semester

 

ZOOLOGY – ELECTIVE PAPER: VII-(B)

 

CELLULAR METABOLISM AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

 

Periods: 24                                                                         Max. Marks: 50

  1. Qualitative tests to identify functional groups of carbohydrates in given

Solutions (Glucose, Fructose, Sucrose, Lactose)

  1. Estimation of total protein in given solutions by Lowry’s method.
  2. Study of activity of salivary amylase under optimum conditions
  3. Preparation of permanent slide to show the presence of Barr body in

Human female blood cells or cheek cells

  1. Mounting of salivary gland chromosomes of Chiranomous

 

 

SUGGESTED READINGS

  1. M., Tymoczko, J. L. and Stryer, L. (2006). Biochemistry. VI Edition .W.H. Freeman and Co.

Nelson, D. L., Cox, M. M. and Lehninger, A.L. (2009). Principles of Biochemistry. IVEdition. W.H. Freeman and Co.

Murray, R.K., Granner, D.K., Mayes, P.A. and Rodwell, V.W. (2009). Harper’s Illustrated Karp, G. (2010), Cell and molecular biology : Concepts and experiments. VI edition. John Wiley and sons. Inc.

De Robertis, EDP and De Robertis EMF (2006). Cell and molecular biology. VIII edition. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia Biochemistry. XXVIII Edition. Lange Medical Books/Mc Graw3Hill.

 

*******

 

 

AP STATE COUNCIL OF HIGHER EDUCATION

 

zoology  syllabus for CLUSTER ELECTIVE –VIII-B:

VI semester

 

AQUACULTURE

__________________________________________________________________

Cluster Elective Paper: VIIi-B-1

PRINCIPLES OF AQUACULTURE

Periods:60                                                                   Max.Marks:100

Unit – I

 

1.1      Introduction / Basics of Aquaculture

1.1.1   Definition, Significance and History of Aquaculture

1.1.2   Present status of Aquaculture – Global and National scenario

1.1.3   Major cultivable species for aquaculture: freshwater, brackish water and marine.

1.1.4 Criteria for the selection of species for culture

 

                                                     Unit – II

2.1     Types of Aquaculture

2.1.1 Freshwater, Brackishwater and Marine

2.1.2 Concept of Monoculture, Polyculture,Composite culture, Monosex culture and

Integrated fish farming

2.2Culture systems

2.2.1   Ponds, Raceways, Cages, Pens, Rafts and water recirculating systems

2.3Culture practices

2.3.1Traditional, extensive, modified extensive, semi-intensive and intensive cultures of

fish and shrimp.

Unit – III

3.1    Design and construction of aquafarms

3.1.1Criteria for the selection of site for freshwater and brackish water pond farms

3.1.2   Design and construction of fish and shrimp farms

3.2    Seed resources

3.2.1   Natural seed resources and Procurement of seed for stocking: Carp and shrimp

3.3   Nutrition and feeds

3.3.1   Nutritional requirements of a cultivable fish and shellfish

3.3.2   Natural food and Artificial feeds and their importance in fish and shrimp culture

Unit – IV

4.1Management of carp culture ponds

4.1.1 Culture of Indian major carps: Pre-stocking management – Dewatering, drying, ploughing/desilting; Predators, weeds and algal blooms and their control, Liming and fertilization;  Stocking management –  Stocking density and stocking;  Post-stocking management – Feeding, water quality, growth and health care; and Harvesting ofponds

4.2Culture of giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii

 

 

Unit – V

5.1Culture of shrimp (Penaeus monodon or Litopenaeus vannamei)

5.2    Culture of pearl oysters

5.3 Culture of seaweeds-species cultured, culture techniques, important by-products, prospects

5.4    Culture of ornamental fishes – Setting up and maintenance of aquarium; and breeding.

 

REFERENCES BOOKS

  1. Bardach, JE et al. 1972. Aquaculture – The farming and husbandry of freshwater and marine organisms, John Wiley & Sons, New York.
  2. Bose AN et al.1991. Coastal aquaculture Engineering. Oxford & IBH Publ.Co.Pvt.Ltd.
  3. Chakraborty C & Sadhu AK. 2000. Biology Hatchery and Culture Technology of Tiger Prawn and Giant Freshwater Prawn. Daya Publ. House.
  4. 2007. Manual on Freshwater Prawn Farming.
  5. Huet J. 1986. A text Book of Fish Culture. Fishing News Books Ltd.
  6. 2006. Hand Book of Fisheries and Aquaculture. ICAR.
  7. Ivar LO. 2007. Aquaculture Engineering. Daya Publ. House.
  8. Jhingran V.G. 2007. Fish and Fisheries of India. Hindustan Publ. Corporation, India.
  9. Landau M. 1992. Introduction to Aquaculture. John Wiley & Sons.
  10. Lovell RT.1998. Nutrition and Feeding of fishes. Chapman & Hall.
  11. Mcvey JP. 1983. Handbook of Mariculture. CRC Press.
  12. MPEDA: Handbooks on culture of carp, shrimp, etc.
  13. New MB. 2000. Freshwater Prawn Farming. CRC Publ.
  14. Pillay TVR.1990. Aquaculture- Principles and Practices, Fishing News Books Ltd., London.
  15. Pillay TVR & Kutty MN. 2005. Aquaculture- Principles and Practices. 2nd Blackwell
  16. Rath RK. 2000. Freshwater Aquaculture. Scientific Publ.
  17. Stickney RR. 1979. Principles of Warmwater Fish Culture, John Wiley & Sons
  18. Wheaton FW. 1977. Aquacultural Engineering. John Wiley & Sons.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

zoology model paper  for VI semester

 

Cluster Elective Paper: VIIi-B-1

PRINCIPLES OF AQUACULTURE

Time : 3 hrs                                                                        Max. Marks : 75

 

  1. Answer any FIVE of the following : 5×5=25

    Draw labeled diagrams wherever necessary

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

  1. Answer any FIVE of the following : 5×10=50

                                                                                                  

     Draw labeled diagrams wherever necessary

9.

 

OR

10.

 

OR

11.

 

OR

12.

 

OR

13.

 

OR

 

*****

 

 

 

 

Cluster Elective Paper: VIIi-B-2

AQUACULTURE MANAGEMENT

Periods : 60                                                                     Max.Marks : 100

Unit – I

1.1Breeding and Hatchery Management

1.1.1   Bundh Breeding and Induced breeding of carp by Hypophysation; and

use of synthetic hormones

1.1.2Types of fish hatcheries; Hatchery management of Indian major carps

1.1.3   Breeding and Hatchery management of Penaeus monodon/ Litopenaeus vannamei

1.1.4   Breeding and Hatchery management of giant freshwater prawn.      

 

Unit – II

2.1   Water quality Management

2.1.1Water quality and soil characteristics suitable for fish and shrimp culture

2.1.2 Identification of oxygen depletion problems and control mechanisms in culture ponds

2.1.3 Aeration: Principles of aeration and Emergency aeration

2.1.4  Liming materials, Organic manures and Inorganic fertilizers commonly used and

their implications in fish ponds

 

Unit – III

3.1    Feed Management

3.1.1Live Foods and their role in shrimp larval nutrition.

3.1.2   Supplementary feeds:  Principal foods in artificial diets; Types of feeds; Feed

additives and Preservatives; role of probiotics.

3.1.3   Feed formulation and manufacturing; Feed storage

3.1.4   Feeding strategies: Feeding devices, feeding schedules and ration size; Feed

evaluation- feed conversion efficiencies and ratios

 

Unit – IV

4.1   Disease Management

4.1.1   Principles of disease diagnosis and health management;

4.1.2   Prophylaxis, Hygiene and Therapy of fish diseases

4.1.3   Specific and non-specific defense systems in fish; Fish immunization and

vaccination

4.1.4Etiology, Symptoms, prophylaxis and therapy of common fish diseases in fish ponds

4.1.5Etiology, Symptoms, prophylaxis and therapy of common shrimp diseases in shrimp ponds

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unit – V

5.1    Economics and Marketing

5.1.1 Principles of aquaculture economics – Capital costs, variable costs, cost-benefit analysis

5.1.2Fish marketing methods in India; Basic concepts in demand and price analysis

5.2    Fisheries Extension

5.1.3 Fisheries Training and Education in India; Role of extension in community development.

5.3    Fish Genetics

5.1.4 Genetic improvement of fish stocks – Hybridization of fish.

5.1.5 Gynogenesis, Androgenesis, Polyploidy, Transgenic fish, Cryopreservation of gametes, Production of monosex and sterile fishes and their significance in aquaculture.

REFERENCE BOOKS

  1. Boyd CE. 1979. Water Quality in Warm Water Fish Ponds. Auburn University
  2. Boyd, CE. 1982. Water Quality Management for Pond Fish Culture. Elsevier Sci. Publ. Co.
  3. Chakraborty C & Sadhu AK. 2000. Biology Hatchery and Culture Technology of Tiger Prawn and Giant

Freshwater Prawn. Daya Publ. House

  1. Conroy CA and Herman RL. 1968. Text book of Fish Diseases. TFH (Great Britain) Ltd, England.

5Halver J & Hardy RW. 2002. Fish Nutrition. Academic Press.

  1. Ian C. 1984. Marketing in Fisheries and Aquaculture. Fishing News Books.
  2. ICAR. 2006. Handbook of Fisheries and Aquaculture. ICAR.
  3. Jhingran VG. 2007. Fish and Fisheries of India. Hindustan Publishing Corporation, India.
  4. Jhingran VG & Pullin RSV. 1985. Hatchery Manual for the Common, Chinese and Indian Major Carps.

ICLARM, Philippines.

  1. Kumar D. 1996. Aquaculture Extension Services Review: India. FAO Fisheries CircularNo. 906, Rome.
  2. Lavens P & Sorgeloos P. 1996. Manual on the Production and Use of Live Food for Aquaculture. FAO

Fisheries Tech. Paper 361, FAO.

  1. MPEDA. 1993. Handbook on Aqua Farming – Live Feed. Micro Algal Culture. MPEDA Publication
  2. New MB. 1987. Feed and Feeding of Fish and Shrimp. A Manual on the Preparation and Preservation of

Compound Feeds for Shrimp and Fish in Aquaculture. FAO – ADCP/REP/87/26

  1. Pandian TJ, Strüssmann CA & Marian MP. 2005. Fish Genetics and Aquaculture Biotechnology. Science Publ.

15.Pilley, TVR & Dill, WMA. 1979.  Advances in Aquaculture. Fishing News Books, Ltd. England.

  1. Pillay TVR & Kutty MN. 2005. Aquaculture- Principles and Practices. Blackwell.
  2. Ray GL. 2006. Extension, Communication and Management. 6th Ed. Kalyani Publ. Delhi.
  3. ReddyPVGK, AyyappanS, ThampyDM & Gopalakrishna 2005.Text Book of Fish Genetics and Biotechnol.

ICAR

  1. Reichenbach KH. 1965. Fish Pathology. TFH (Gt. Britain) Ltd, England.

20.Shang YC. 1990. Aquaculture Economic Analysis – An Introduction. World Aquaculture Society, USA.

  1. Singh B. 2006. Marine Biotechnology and Aquculture Development. Daya Publ. House

22.Stickney RR. 1979.  Principles of Warm waterAquaculture.  John-Willey & sons Inc.

  1. Swain P, Sahoo PK & Ayyappan S. 2005. Fish and Shellfish Immunology: An Introduction. Narendra

Publ.

  1. Thomas PC, Rath SC & Mohapatra KD.2003.Breeding and Seed Production of Finfish and Shellfish.

Daya Publ.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

zoology model paper  for VI semester

 

ZOOLOGY – PAPER – VIII

 

Cluster Elective Paper: VIIi-B-2

AQUACULTURE MANAGEMENT

Time : 3 hrs                                                                        Max. Marks : 75

 

  1. Answer any FIVE of the following : 5×5=25

    Draw labeled diagrams wherever necessary

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

  1. Answer any FIVE of the following : 5×10=50

                                                                                                  

     Draw labeled diagrams wherever necessary

9.

 

OR

10.

 

OR

11.

 

OR

12.

 

OR

13.

 

OR

 

*****

 

Cluster Elective Paper: VIIi-B-3

POSTHARVEST TECHNOLOGY

Periods : 60                                                                     Max.Marks : 100

____________________________________________________________________

Unit – I

1.1  Handling and Principles of fish Preservation

1.1.1   Handling of fresh fish, storage and transport of fresh fish, post mortem changes (rigor

mortis and spoilage), spoilage in marine fish and freshwater fish.

1.1.2 Principles of preservation– cleaning, lowering of temperature, rising of temperature,

denudation, use of salt, use of fish preservatives, exposure to lowradiation of gamma rays.

                 Unit – II

2.1   Methods of fish Preservation

2.1.1  Traditional methods – sun drying, salt curing, pickling and smoking.

2.1.2   Advanced methods – chilling or icing, refrigerated sea water, freezing, canning,

Irradiation and Accelerated Freeze drying (AFD).

 

Unit – III

3.1    Processing and preservation of fish and fish by-products

3.1.1Fish products – fish minced meat, fish meal, fish oil, fish liquid (ensilage), fish

protein concentrate, fish chowder, fish cake, fish sauce, fish salads, fish powder, pet

food from trash fish, fish manure.

3.1.2 Fish by-products – fish glue, ising glass, chitosan, pearl essence, shark fins, fish

leather and fish maws.

3.2Seaweed Products

3.2.1Preparation of agar, algin and carrageen.  Use of seaweeds as food for humanconsumption, in diseasetreatment and preparation of therapeutic drugs.

 

Unit – IV

4.1Sanitation and Quality control

4.2.1 Sanitation in processing plants – Environmental hygiene and Personal hygiene in processing plants.

4.2.2 Quality Control of fish and fishery products – pre-processing control, control during processing and control after processing.

4.2   Regulatory affairs in industries

 

Unit – V

5.1   Quality Assurance, Management and Certification

5.1.1Seafood Quality Assurance and Systems: Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs); Good Laboratory Practices (GLPs); Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs); Concept of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) in seafood safety.

5.1.2   National and International standards – ISO 9000: 2000 Series of Quality

Assurance System, Codex Alimentarius.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REFERENCE BOOKS

  1. 1. Balachandran KK. 2001. Post-harvest Technology of Fish and Fish Products. Daya Publ.
  2. Bond, et al. 1971. Fish Inspection and Quality Control. Fishing News Books, England.

3   Clucas IJ. 1981. Fish Handling, Preservation and Processing in the Tropics. Parts I, II. FAO.

  1. Gopakumar K. (Ed.). 2002. Text Book of Fish Processing Technology. ICAR.
  2. Govindan, TK.1985. Fish Processing Technology, Oxford-IBH.
  3. Hall GM. (Ed). 1992. Fish Processing Technology. Blackie.
  4. Huss HH, Jakobsen M & Liston J. 1991. Quality Assurance in the Fish Industry. Elsevier.
  5. John DEV. 1985. Food Safety and Toxicity. CRC Press.
  6. Krenzer R. 1971. Fish Inspection and Quality Control. Fishing News.
  7. Larousse J & Brown BE. 1997. Food Canning Technology. Wiley VCH.
  8. Nambudiri DD. 2006. Technology of Fishery Products. Fishing Chimes.
  9. Regenssein JM & Regenssein CE.1991. Introduction to Fish Technology.VanNostrand Reinhold.
  10. Rudolf K. 1969. Freezing and Irradiation of Fish. Fishing News (Books).
  11. Sen DP. 2005. Advances in Fish Processing Technology. Allied Publ.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

zoology model paper  for VI semester

 

Cluster Elective Paper: VIIi-B-3

 : POST HARVEST TECHNOLOGY

Time : 3 hrs                                                                        Max. Marks : 75

 

  1. Answer any FIVE of the following : 5×5=25

    Draw labeled diagrams wherever necessary

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

  1. Answer any FIVE of the following : 5×10=50

                                                                                                  

     Draw labeled diagrams wherever necessary

9.

 

OR

10.

 

OR

11.

 

OR

12.

 

OR

13.

 

OR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

zoology  practiclsyllabusCLUSTER ELECTIVE PAPER: VIII-B

VI semester

 

AQUACULTURE

______________________________________________________________________________

PRACTICAL:  I

Periods : 24                                                                                  Max.Marks : 50

Cultivable fishes

  1. Identification and study of important cultivable and edible fishes – Any ten
  2. Identification and study of important cultivable and edible crustaceans – Any five
  3. Identification and study of common aquarium fishes – Any five
  4. General description and recording biometric data of a given fish.

 

Diseases

  1. Identification and study of fish and shrimp diseases – Using specimens / pictures

2.External examination of the diseased fish – diagnostic features and procedure.

  1. Autopsy of fish – Examination of the internal organs.
  2. Determination of dosages of chemicals and drugs for treating common diseases.

 

Pond Management

  1. Water Quality -Determination of temperature, pH, salinity in the pond water sample;

Estimation of dissolved oxygen, free carbondioxide, total alkalinity, total

hardness, phosphates and nitrites.

  1. Soil analysis – Determination of soil texture, pH, conductivity, available nitrogen, available

phosphorus and organic carbon.

  1. Identification and study of common zooplankton, aquatic insects and aquatic weeds – Each 5

****

PRACTICAL – II

Periods :24                                                                                  Max.Marks : 50

Nutrition

  1. Identification and study of Live food organisms – Any five
  2. Formulation and preparation of a balanced fish feed
  3. Estimation of Proximate composition of aquaculture feeds – Proteins, carbohydrates, lipids,

moisture, ash content.

  1. Gut content analysis to study artificial and natural food intake.

Post harvest Technology

  1. Evaluation of fish/ fishery products for organoleptic, chemical and microbial quality.
  2. Preparation of dried, cured and fermented fish products, examination of salt, protein, moisture in dried / cured products, examination of spoilage of dried / cured fish products, marinades, pickles, sauce.
  3. Preparation of isinglass, collagen and chitosan from shrimp and crab shell. ?
  4. Developing flow charts and exercises in identification of hazards – preparation of hazard

analysis worksheet, plan form and corrective action procedures in processing of fish.

 

 

PRACTICAL – III

Project Work

Visit to a fish breeding centre / fish farms and submit a project report

or

Visit to a feed manufacturing unit and submit a project report

or

Visit to a shrimp hatchery / shrimp farms and submit a project report

or

Visit to a shrimp processing unit and submit a project report

 

Time/Period 1 2 3  

 

L  UNCH

 BREAK

4 5 6
Day 10.00 – 11.00 11.00 – 12.00 12.00 – 1.00 2.00 – 3.00 3.00 – 4.00 4.00 – 5.00
MON II F PRACTICALS (PK+YPN)

 

III H PRACTICALS (VH+YPN)
III B (RRR)

III FH (VH)

 (IB PK) III FH (RRR)
TUE IB PRACTICALS (PK+YPN)

 

I F PRACTICALS (PK+VH)

II B PRACTICALS (YPN+RRR)

I FH (PK)

III B (RRR)

III FH (VH)   III FH (RRR)
WED III F PRACTICALS (RRR+VH)  
I FH (PK)

II B (YPN)

III B (RRR)

II FH (YPN)

THU II H PRACTICALS (YPN+PK)

III B PRACTICALS (VH+RRR)

I FH (PK) II FH (YPN)

III B (VH)

 

I B (PK)

E.S(RRR)

III FH(VH)

FRI III H PRACTICALS (VH+RRR)
II FH (YPN) II B (YPN) I FH (PK) III B (VH) I B (PK)

II B (YPN)

SAT I H PRACTICALS (PK+YPN)

III B PRACTICALS (RRR+VH)

III F PRACTICALS (RRR+PK)
I B (PK)

E.S(RRR)

III FH(RRR) II FH(YPN) II B (YPN) III B (VH)  

TIME TABLE- 2018-19

DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY

Action Plan 2018-2019

 

  1. Prime importance to class work and conduction of internal exams in time.
  2. Development of laboratories and virtual class room.
  3. To organize quiz competitions.
  4. To organize a workshop to the Zoology teacher of the district.
  5. To organize Guest lectures to students from various universities.
  6. To organize Field Trips and study Tours.
  7. To organize remedial classes and student seminars.
  8. Purchase of latest text books to the departmental library.
  9. To provide LCD and virtual classroom to students.
  10. Issue of library books to students
  11. Supply of study materials, providing coaching to P.G entrances and extending career guidance.
  12. Motivating students to participate in Govt. Organized social development programmes.

 

 

 

GOVT. DEGREE COLLEGE (MEN), SRIKAKULAM
DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY
 

Toppers List of Last Three Years

 

2017-18

Sno Hall Ticket Student Name Group CGPA Rank
1 S1500135041 K.Pranaya B.Z.C (EM) 9.53 1
2 S1500135064 A.Rajeswari B.Z.C (EM) 9.51 2
2 S1500135008 B. PRAZNA B.Z.C (EM) 9.30 3

 

 

2016-17

Sno Student Name Year & Group Place
1 Bharathi 2016 bt.z.c 1st

 

 

 

 

 

GOVT. DEGREE COLLEGE (MEN), SRIKAKULAM

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

RESULT ANALYSIS – B.Sc Zoology  FINAL YEAR

 

S.No. Year No. of      Students        appeared No. of        Students passed Pass            percentage
1 2012-13 56 32 57.14
2 2013-14 73 47 64.38
3 2014-15 73 45 61.64
4 2015-16 81 29 35.8
5 2016-17 78 62 79.48
6 2017-18 V SEM
Paper V 72 47 65.00
Paper VI 72 46 3.8
VI SEM
ELECTIVE 67 63 94.02
CLUSTER 17 15 88.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INTERNET FACILITY ‘e’ LEARNING

 

Zoology students, whether working on a Bachelor’s degree or a graduate degree, will find these blogs an interesting source of news and information. These blogs range from the more general to specific, with some blogs discussing a particular type of animal or species. So if you want to learn a bit about paleontology, evolutionary biology, marine biology, or even something about animals that are not even proven to exist, then take a look at these 50 best blogs for zoology students.

General Zoology

These blogs feature animals, their behavior, and their place in the world.

  1. Tetrapod Zoology. While dinosaurs are a favorite of blogger Darren Naish, he often posts on a variety of four-legged animals as well as a few of the other types, too.
  2. Laura’s Animals/Wildlife Blog. From polar bears to lizards to sharks, this blog covers all types of animals and their habits, habitats, and more.
  3. The dodo blog. This blog is from the Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust, an organization working to understand and rectify threats to the most endangered species.
  4. Animal Science Blog. From the evolutionary traits of blind cave scorpions to the origins of dogs to the reason why animal silk is so strong, this blog covers a wide range of animal science topics.
  5. The Thoughtful Animal. Animal cognition is the focus of this blog, with topics on the usual animals studied, such as dolphins and dogs, as well as animals not usually studied in this arena.
  6. Zooillogix. These two brothers with an affinity for zoology post here with everything from the serious to the silly.

Specific Types of Animals

From snails to birds to sea turtles, these blogs all feature a specific type of animal.

  1. Bug Girl’s Blog. This entomologist writes about bugs and the humans with whom they share space.
  2. Snail’s Tales. Snails aren’t the only topic covered here as they share the stage with insects and other creatures.
  3. Frog Matters. This blog from the Amphibian Ark educates the public on frogs and the significance of their existence and current demise.
  4. Penguinology. Penguins are the focus of this blog that looks at the past and present of this beloved creature.
  5. 10,000 Birds. These bloggers hope to see and post information about all 10,000 birds on the planet.
  6. Birdchick. Sharon Stiteler writes all about birds and birding on her blog.
  7. Notes From Kenya: MSU Hyena Research. MSU zoology student’s blog about their experience in the Holekamp Lab studying hyenas in Kenya.
  8. MonkSealMania. Scientists and supporters of the Hawaiian monk seal blog here to share information and news about this endangered seal.
  9. The Turtle Hospital. This blog is all about the rescue, rehabilitation, and release of sea turtles in the Florida Keys.

Paleontology

Prehistoric life and their living relatives are the main focus of these blogs.

  1. Dinochick Blogs. Stay current with all that is happening in the paleontology and geology world with the posts here.
  2. Chinleana. Get abstracts and more that feature late triassic paleontology.
  3. Dave Hone’s Archosaur Musings. Dave writes about dinosaurs as well as a few living animals as well as academia.
  4. Nologic. Read about research going on in the field paleontology with the information in this blog.
  5. Laelaps. Brian Switek is a paleontologist who blogs on animals, evolution, and more.
  6. The Ethical Paleontologist. This lecturer writes about the fun side of science here.
  7. Palaeoblog. Get your fill of both paleontology and pop culture with this popular blog.
  8. Paleo Errata. Jeffrey Martz is a vertebrate paleontologist who writes about dinosaurs, evolution, and more.
  9. Ediacaran. Chris Nedin blogs about Ediacaran and Early Cambrian paleontology from his former profession as a paleontologist.
  10. The Life of Madygen. This German scientist writes about fieldwork in the Madygen Basin and also features scientific papers of interest.

Evolutionary Biology

Study what others are saying about the field of evolutionary biology when you read these blogs.

  1. Pharyngula. Evolution and biology are just the tip of the iceberg here.
  2. The Glor Lab. The biologists blogging here are working in the field of evolutionary biology and frequently post on their research.
  3. Ad Hominin. Take a look at evolution through the eyes of a paleoanthropologist here.
  4. The Beagle Project Blog. The Beagle Project is an effort to rebuild Darwin’s boat and sail it around the world in order to educate on biodiversity and evolutionary biology. Read about the project on their blog.
  5. john hawks weblog. Started as a way to feature less popular topics in paleoanthropology and keep notes for research, this blog has evolved itself and now features stories and news about genetics, evolution, and other related topics.
  6. Blag Hag. This blog features everything from evolutionary biology to academia.
  7. Afarensis: Anthropology, Evolution And Science. Study evolution alongside that of early humans and primates with the information in this blog.
  8. The Tree of Life. Jonathan A Eisen is an evolutionary biologist who writes about science and academia.
  9. Panda’s Thumb. Taking the side of pro-evolution, this blog delves into the science behind this strongly-debated topic.
  10. monkey’s uncle. Evolutionary biology, ecology, and more are featured here.
  11. Evolving Thoughts. This Australian scientists shares thoughts on evolution, science, and philosophy as they all combine.

Marine Biology

Dive into these blogs to learn the latest news and research happening in marine biology.

  1. The Quiet Pool. This fly fisherman decided to devote himself to conservation efforts of the wild salmon and trout of the north coast of Oregon.
  2. Whale of a ‘Purpose’. Jeanne writes about her passions of protecting the environment and the wild whales she watches.
  3. Carl Safina. Safina documents the changes occurring in the world’s oceans and the implications of those changes for both animals and humanity.
  4. A Sea Change. A retired history teacher travels the world to investigate what is happening to the oceans as they become acidified.
  5. Orca Watcher. Not only will you read about whales here, but other marine wildlife that catches this scientist’s attention.
  6. Malaria, Bedbugs, Sea Lice, & Sunsets. Rick MacPherson writes this blog in an effort to promote ocean biodiversity with news and updates on important occurrences.
  7. Deep-Sea News. These bloggers deliver deep-sea science news to the public through “the eyes of scientists.”
  8. BlueVoice Views. This blog is devoted to protecting dolphins and whales and the oceans in which they live.

Cryptozoology

Cryptozoology, or the study and search for unknown animals, can be fraught with unprofessional seekers, but these blogs feature scientists and informed amateurs studying everything from big cats on Britain to a bit of humor on serious topics.

  1. Still on The Track. This blog features information and news from the field of cryptozoology.
  2. The Natural Stuff – Big Cats. This blog features photos and information about big cats in Great Britain.
  3. Cryptomundo. This collaborative blog is written by some of the leaders of the cryptozoology field and features news, humor, and more on those most elusive animals suspected to roam the planet.
  4. ShukerNature. Dr. Karl Shuker is a zoologist renowned for his work in the field of cryptozoology and blogs here.
  5. Cryptozoology Online. Cryptozoology news is posted on this blog.
  6. Stan Courtney. Find out the latest research on everything Sasquatch. Check out his Indiegogo project “Sasquatch Listening Project”.

SOME OTHER SOURCES

 

 

   

 

 

National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Research and Collections
http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/
Information on the Museum’s research and collections with links to related sites.

Science.gov: Animals, Plants, and Other Organisms
http://www.science.gov/browse/w_115A.htm
List of government resources for Animals, Plants And Other Organisms

Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History: Division of Mammals- Databases
http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/mammals_databases.html
Links to Smithsonian Institution websites related to mammals such as museum collection records, mammal species of the world, mammalogists, and north american mammals.

American Museum of Natural History: Scientific Publications
http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/dspace/
AMNH scientific publications disseminate the results of laboratory investigations and fieldwork conducted by museum scientists and their colleagues in the areas of zoological systematics, paleontology, geology, evolution, and anthropology

Animal Diversity Web
http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/
Images, texts, and sounds for educational use.

Biology Browser
http://www.biologybrowser.org/
Produced by BIOSIS, this site offers free resources and useful links for life sciences information.

Colorado State University Libraries: Warren and Genevieve Garst Photograph Collection
http://lib.colostate.edu/wildlife/index.html
Take a wildlife photo safari in this digital collection of animal photographs and information from the Warren and Genevieve Garst Photograph Collection.

Curiosities of Biological Nomenclature
http://www.curioustaxonomy.net/
“Scientific names of organisms are not usually known for their entertainment value. They are indispensable for clarity in communication, but most people skip over them with barely a glance. Here I collect those names that are worth a second look.”

Hinterland Who’s Who: Wildlife in Canada
http://www.hww.ca/index_e.asp

University of Pennsylvania: Online Books Page- Zoology
http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/webbin/book/browse?type=lcsubc&key=Zoology
Online Books Page is a website that facilitates access to books that are freely readable over the Internet. Most the books listed are in the public domain or special permission has been granted to provide the book online.

Yahoo! Science > Biology > Zoology
http://www.yahoo.co.uk/Science/Biology/Zoology/
Links to thousands of websites, organized by categories such as Animals, Insects, and Pets; Herpetology; Institutes; Nomenclature; and Zoos.

 

 

 

 

 

[TABS_R id=858]

Seminars / Workshops / Guest Lectures Organised in the last 3 Years

2017-2018

Guest Lecture By Sri.M.Suresh Zoology students  Attended the Guest Lecture By Sri.M.Suresh

 

 

WORK SHOP ON CBCS on 26-06- 2017

 

 

 

2016-2017

 

 

Cancer day 4-2-17

 

 

World wildlife day 3-3-17

 

world life day

visit Vizag port trust

Local study tour to River Nagavali

Seminar

Lab Experiments

Blood Donation in Zoology lab

felicitation

Bharateey Masthriyu ki Sarvekshan